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Gas Hydrates 1

Fundamentals, Characterization and Modeling

Edited by Daniel Broseta, University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour, France Livio Ruffine, French Research Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France Arnaud Desmedt, University of Bordeaux, France

ISBN: 9781848219694

Publication Date: June 2017   Hardback   302 pp.

135.00 USD


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Description

Gas hydrates, or clathrate hydrates, are crystalline solids resembling ice, in which small (guest) molecules, typically gases, are trapped inside cavities formed by hydrogen-bonded water (host) molecules. They form and remain stable under low temperatures – often well below ambient conditions – and high pressures ranging from a few bar to hundreds of bar, depending on the guest molecule. Their presence is ubiquitous on Earth, in deep-marine sediments and in permafrost regions, as well as in outer space, on planets or comets. In addition to water, they can be synthesized with organic species as host molecules, resulting in milder stability conditions: these are referred to as semi-clathrate hydrates. Clathrate and semi-clathrate hydrates are being considered for applications as diverse as gas storage and separation, cold storage and transport and water treatment.
This book is the first of two edited volumes, with chapters on the experimental and modeling tools used for characterizing and predicting the unique molecular, thermodynamic and kinetic properties of gas hydrates (Volume 1) and on gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Contents

1. Neutron Scattering of Clathrate and Semiclathrate Hydrates.
2. Spectroscopy of Gas Hydrates: From Fundamental Aspects to Chemical Engineering, Geophysical and Astrophysical Applications.
3. High-Resolution Optical Microscopy of Gas Hydrates.
4. Calorimetric Characterization of Clathrate and Semiclathrate Hydrates.
5. Thermodynamic Modeling of Solid–Fluid Equilibria: From Pure Solid Phases to Gas Semiclathrate Hydrates.
6. Volume and Non-Equilibrium Crystallization of Clathrate Hydrates.

About the Authors

Daniel Broseta is Professor and member of the Laboratory of Complex Fluids and their Reservoirs at the University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour in France. His research interests are in interfacial and colloidal phenomena.
Livio Ruffine is a research scientist at the French Research Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer) in Brest, France. His research interests focus on the oceanic methane cycle, with an emphasis on the geochemical dynamics of gas-hydrate deposits.
Arnaud Desmedt is a CNRS researcher at the Institute of Molecular Science at the University of Bordeaux in France. His main research interests are molecular spectroscopy (experimental and modelling) applied to inclusion chemistry and fundamental issues on clathrate hydrates.

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