There is a growing discussion concerning the relationship between neuroethical reflections and cultural diversity, which is among the most impactful factors in shaping neuroethics, both as a scientific discipline and a social enterprise. The impacts of culture on science and its public perception are particularly relevant to neuroethics, which aims to facilitate the creation of an interface between neuroscience and society at large. Time is ripe for neuroethics to review the influence of the culturally specific contexts from which it originated (i.e. North America and Western Europe) and to also include other cultural perspectives in the discussion.
This book illustrates a convergent approach among different cultures in identifying the main issues raised by neuroscience and emerging technologies. This should be taken as a starting point for advancing in the search for shared solutions, which are, if not definitive, at least sufficiently reliable to be translated into democratic deliberative processes.
Part 1. Neuroethics as a Field.
1. Examining the Ethics of Neuroscience in Contemporary Neuroethics, Cynthia Forlini.
2. Neuroscience of Ethics, Georg Northoff.
3. Fundamental Neuroethics, Kathinka Evers.
4. Diversity in Neuroethics: Which Diversity and Why it Matters? Eric Racine and Abdou Simon Senghor.
5. Neurofeminism in BCI and BBI Ethics as a Prelude to Political Neuroethics, Mai Ibrahim and Veljko Dubljevic.
6. Neuroethics as an Anthropological Project, Fabrice Jotterand.
Part 2. Cultural Influences on Neuroethics.
7. Neuroethics and Culture, Arleen Salles.
8. Globalization of Neuroethics: Rethinking the Brain and Mind “Global Market”, Karen Herrera-Ferrá.
9. The Dilemma of Cross-Cultural Neuroethics, Laura Specker Sullivan and Karen S. Rommelfanger.
10. Neuroethics in Religion and Science: Hume’s Law and Bodily Value, Denis Larrivée.
11. How Would Neo-Confucians Value Moral Neuroenhancement? Jie Yin.
Part 3. Illustrative Cases.
12. How Do Arabic Cultural and Ethical Perspectives Engage with New Neuro-technologies? A Scoping Review, Amal Matar.
13. The Binary Illusion, Karin Grasenick.
14. What’s Next? The Chilean Neuroprotection Initiative, in Light of the Historical Dynamics of Human Rights, Manuel Guerrero.
15. Interrogating the Culture of Human Exceptionalism: Animal Research and the Neuroethics of Animal Minds and Brains, L. Syd M Johnson.
16. Cultural Neuroethics in Practice – Human Rights Law and Brain Death, Jennifer A. Chandler.
17. Neuroscientific Research, Neurotechnologies and Minors: Ethical Aspects, Laura Palazzani.
Michele Farisco is a researcher at the Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics, Uppsala University, Sweden, and at Biogem Institute, Ariano Irpino (AV), Italy. He is the author of four books and has written several articles regarding posthumanism, ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI) of genetics and neuroscience, consciousness, Artificial Intelligence, and neuroethics.
Table of Contents
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