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Plants and animals have evolved ever since their appearance in a largely microbial world. Their own cells are less numerous than the microorganisms that they host and with whom they interact closely. The study of these interactions, termed microbial symbioses, has benefited from the development of new conceptual and technical tools.
We are gaining an increasing understanding of the functioning, ...
The book features comparative perspectives on the field of chemical ecology, present and future, offered by scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The scientists contributing to this book –biologists, ecologists, biochemists, chemists, biostatisticians – are interested in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and work on life forms ranging from micro-organisms to mammals, including...
Insight on Environmental Genomics
The High-throughput Sequencing Revolution
Bringing together the latest methodological and scientific progress in the various research areas in the field of Environmental Genomics, this book discusses the characterization of the structure and dynamics of life, the study of the evolution and adaptation of genes and genomes, the analysis of degraded and/or old DNA, and the functional and genomic ecology of populations and communities. It al...
Biodiversity of the Southern Ocean
The almost polar position of the Southern Ocean, its size and its isolation make it a world apart, defined by the violence of storms, very low temperatures and immense ice zones.
Such climatic and oceanographic parameters have shaped the biodiversity of this ocean. Endemism, slow metabolism, longevity, gigantism, the absence of larval phases, etc. So many elements characterize an extraordinary “n...
Uncertainty, Risks and Disasters
Since the beginning of the 21st Century, successive environmental, geopolitical, economic and social crises have brought about the idea of “resilience”. This concept is a regular topic of discussion in summits, frameworks, policies and is often used by governmental organisms to describe processes of recovery after a natural disaster.
The concept of resilience offers the opportunity to rebuild in...
A New Integrated Approach to Scientific Ecology
The backdrop of this title is a planet under increasing pressure from anthropogenic influences, where the effects of human activity are beginning to affect biological dynamics and biogeochemical equilibria. Within this context, the authors introduce ecocatalysis, an emerging discipline at the interface between green chemistry and ecological engineering, as a tool with which to face many of the iss...
Events of Increased Biodiversity
Evolutionary Radiations in the Fossil Record
This book presents the phenomenon of evolutionary radiation, as seen in the fossil record, by exploring its causes through the analysis of concrete examples using current and past paleontological data, which have contributed to the recognition and later analysis of these phenomena of diversification.
Biodiversity arises from a long series of sometimes-sudden events, where evolutionary radiations...
Identification and Projections
Under certain scenarios on the subject of CO2 emissions, by the end of the century the atmospheric concentration could triple its pre-industrial level.
The very large numerical models intended to anticipate the corresponding climate evolutions are designed and quantified from the laws of physics. However, little is generally known about these: genesis of clouds, terms of the greenhouse effect, so...