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# Fluid Mechanics

# Stable Numerical Schemes for Fluids, Structures and their Interactions

This book presents numerical algorithms for solving incompressible fluids, elastic structures and fluid-structure interactions. It collects some of the fundamental finite element methods as well as new approaches.

For Stokes and Navier-Stokes equations, the mixed finite element method is employed. An arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian framework is used for fluids in a moving domain. Schemes for linear...

# Wall Turbulence Control

Wall turbulence control is a major subject, the investigation of which has significant industrial, environmental and fundamental consequences. This book deals with recent advances in active and passive turbulent skin-friction control over the past two decades.

The importance of drag reduction control in aerodynamics can be demonstrated with one simple example: just a 2% drag reduction is sufficie...

# Heat and Moisture Transfer between Human Body and Environment

## FOCUS Series in Fluid Mechanics

The concept of “comfort” has evolved over time to cover all aspects of human life, reaching beyond the initial idea of thermal comfort and protection of the human body in difficult working conditions.

The physical aspects of heat and humidity exchanges around the human body, in relation to the physiology, highlight multiple facets which are often incompatible with the current narrow specializat...

# Discrete Mechanics

Discrete mechanics is a primitive vision of Newton’s 2nd Law, the fundamental principle of dynamics, as stated in his Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica in 1686. The original path chosen to derive the mechanical equations is based on basic concepts of differential geometry where the conservation of the flows is expressed on a segment of the discrete topology. It thus discards the concept ...

# Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures

Flows with chemical reactions can occur in various fields such as combustion, process engineering, aeronautics, the atmospheric environment and aquatics.

The examples of application chosen in this book mainly concern heterogeneous reactive mixtures that can occur in propellers, during fires in microgravity or during high-speed atmospheric re-entry:

- multi-phase flows and the problem of their ge...

# Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field

Flows with chemical reactions can occur in various fields such as combustion, process engineering, aeronautics, the atmospheric environment and aquatics.

The examples of application chosen in this book mainly concern flows and chemical reactions in an electromagnetic field, that can occur in propellers, during fires in microgravity or during high-speed atmospheric re-entry:

- homogeneous media i...

# Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence

Wall bounded turbulent flows are of capital importance in industrial and environmental fluid mechanics. The structure of the wall turbulence is intimately related to the coherent structures that play a fundamental role in the transport process. The comprehension of their regeneration mechanism is indispensable for the development of efficient strategies in terms of drag control and near-wall turbu...

# Turbulent Multiphase Flows with Heat and Mass Transfer

Numerous industrial systems or natural environments involve multiphase flows with heat and mass transfer. The authors of this book present the physical modeling of these flows, in a unified way, which can include various physical aspects and several levels of complexity.

Thermal engineering and nuclear reactors; the extraction and transport of petroleum products; diesel and rocket engines; chemic...

# Flows and Chemical Reactions in Homogeneous Mixtures

Flows with chemical reactions can occur in various fields such as combustion, process engineering, aeronautics, the atmospheric environment and aquatics.

The examples of application chosen in this book mainly concern homogeneous reactive mixtures that can occur in propellers within the fields of process engineering and combustion:

– propagation of sound and monodimensional flows in nozzles, whi...

# Three-dimensional Separated Flow Topology

## Critical Points, Separation Lines and Vortical Structures

This book develops concepts and a methodology for a rational description of the organization of three-dimensional flows considering, in particular, the case where the flow is the place of separations. The descriptive analysis based on the critical point theory of Poincaré develops conventional but rather unfamiliar considerations from aerodynamicists, who face the understanding of complex flows i...

# Laser Metrology in Fluid Mechanics

## Granulometry, Temperature and Concentration Measurements

In fluid mechanics, non-intrusive measurements are fundamental in order to improve knowledge of the behavior and main physical phenomena of flows in order to further validate codes. The principles and characteristics of the different techniques available in laser metrology are described in detail in this book. Velocity, temperature and concentration measurements by spectroscopic techniques based ...

# Laser Velocimetry in Fluid Mechanics

In fluid mechanics, velocity measurement is fundamental in order to improve the behavior knowledge of the flow. Velocity maps help us to understand the mean flow structure and its fluctuations, in order to further validate codes. Laser velocimetry is an optical technique for velocity measurements; it is based on light scattering by tiny particles assumed to follow the flow, which allows the local ...

# Flows and Chemical Reactions

The aim of this book is to relate fluid flows to chemical reactions. It focuses on the establishment of consistent systems of equations with their boundary conditions and interfaces, which allow us to model and deal with complex situations. Chapter 1 is devoted to simple fluids, i.e. to a single chemical constituent. The basic principles of incompressible and compressible fluid mechanics, are pre...

# Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence

Wall turbulence is encountered in many technological applications as well as in the atmosphere, and a detailed understanding leading to its management would have considerable beneficial consequences in many areas. A lot of inspired work by experimenters, theoreticians, engineers and mathematicians has been accomplished over recent decades on this important topic and Statistical Approach to Wall Tu...

# Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering

The book provides all the essential knowledge on the topic of fluid mechanics necessary for chemical engineers.

The first part of the book presents the principles of fluid mechanics used by chemical engineers, with a focus on global theorems for describing the behavior of hydraulic systems. The second part deals with turbulence and its applications in stirring, mixing and chemical reactor applica...

# Physical Processes and Measurement Devices

## Volume 1 • Environmental Hydraulics Series

The study and management of water resources – especially the quantitative approach taken through the science of hydraulics and hydrology – is becoming increasingly important as those resources are affected by increasing population and development, the demands and consumption of industry, pollution, and climate change. Since the existence of water in the environment is also related to the role it ...

# Mathematical Models

## Volume 2 • Environmental Hydraulics Series

The study and management of water resources – especially the quantitative approach taken through the science of hydraulics and hydrology – is becoming increasingly important as those resources are affected by increasing population and development, the demands and consumption of industry, pollution, and climate change. Since the existence of water in the environment is also related to the role it ...

# Numerical Methods

## Volume 3 • Environmental Hydraulics Series

The study and management of water resources – especially the quantitative approach taken through the science of hydraulics and hydrology – is becoming increasingly important as those resources are affected by increasing population and development, the demands and consumption of industry, pollution, and climate change. Since the existence of water in the environment is also related to the role it ...

# Practical Applications in Engineering

## Volume 4 • Environmental Hydraulics Series

# Modeling Software

## Volume 5 • Environmental Hydraulics Series

# Environmental Hydraulics Series

This series of five volumes proposes an integrated description of physical processes modeling used by scientific disciplines from meteorology to coastal morphodynamics.

The study and management of water resources – especially the quantitative approach taken through the science of hydraulics and hydrology – is becoming increasingly important as those resources are affected by increasing population...

# Wave Propagation in Fluids

## Second Edition – Models and Numerical Techniques

This second edition with four additional chapters presents the physical principles and solution techniques for transient propagation in fluid mechanics and hydraulics. The application domains vary including contaminant transport with or without sorption, the motion of immiscible hydrocarbons in aquifers, pipe transients, open channel and shallow water flow, and compressible gas dynamics.

The mat...

# Handbook of Compressible Aerodynamics

This book is dedicated to compressible aerodynamic flows in the context of the inviscid fluid hypothesis. Each chapter offers a simple theoretical presentation followed by an overview of practical calculation methods based on recent results, in order to make theoretical understanding easier and present current applications. Chapters 1 through 8 introduce the fundamental principles of theoretical ...

# Microfluidics

The recent development of micro technologies nowadays allows designing complex microsystems devoted to transport, dosing, mixing, analysis or even synthesis of fluids. Applications are numerous and concern every industrial field, so varied as biotechnologies or aeronautics. Microfluidics is a young research area relating to microsystems involving internal flows with characteristic dimensions of th...

# Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian and Fluid–Structure Interaction

## Numerical Simulation

This book provides the fundamental basics for solving fluid structure interaction problems, and describes different algorithms and numerical methods used to solve problems where fluid and structure can be weakly or strongly coupled. These approaches are illustrated with examples arising from industrial or academic applications. Each of these approaches has its own performance and limitations. The ...

# Convective Heat Transfer

This book on convective heat transfer phenomena differs in many respects from existing books, particularly from the pedagogical point of view. Each chapter begins with a brief yet complete presentation of the related topic. This is followed by a series of solved problems with a gradual degree of complexity. The book contains nine chapters including convective heat transfer in laminar external and ...

# Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena

This book examines the phenomena of flows and transfer that are governed by mechanics and irreversible thermodynamic laws.

Part 1 concentrates on equations coming from balance laws and also discusses transportation phenomena and propagation of shock waves.

Part 2 explains the basic methods of metrology, signal processing and system modeling, using a selection of examples of fluid and thermal m...

# Physical Chemistry of Solid-Gas interfaces

## Concepts and Methodology for Gas Sensors Development

This book begins by presenting the fundamental and elementary basis and theoretical tools for the interpretation and development of solid-gas interaction models. Chemical, physical and electrochemical aspects are presented from a phenomenological, thermodynamic and kinetic point of view. The theoretical aspects of electrical properties at the surface of a solid are also covered, to provide greater...

# Modeling and Simulation of Turbulent Flows

This book provides the fundamental bases for developing turbulence models on rational grounds. The main different methods of approach are considered, ranging from statistical modelling at various degrees of complexity to numerical simulations of turbulence. Each of these various methods has its own specific performances and limitations, which appear to be complementary rather than competitive. Aft...