Transport systems are facing an impossible dilemma: satisfy an increasing demand for mobility of people and goods, while decreasing their fossil-energy requirements and preserving the environment. Additionally, transport has an opportunity to evolve in a changing world, with new services, technologies but also new requirements (fast delivery, reliability, improved accessibility).
In this book, recent research works are reported around the triptych: “transport, energy and environment”, which demonstrates that vehicle technologies and fuels can still improve, but it is necessary to prepare their implementation (e.g. electro-mobility), to think of new services, and to involve all actors, particularly enterprises, who will be the drivers of innovation. Mitigation strategies are studied to promote innovative, multimodal and clean transports and services. Research progress is reported on air pollution, vibrations and noise, their mitigation and assessment methodologies.
1. Toward a Europe-Wide Interoperable Electromobility System, Gabriele Giustiniani, Luca Persia, Heike Barlag and Norbert Vierheilig.
2. Advanced Services for Electromobility: the Integration of the Smart CEM Project Platform for the Reggio Emilia Pilot Site, Mauro Dell’amico, Guido Di Pasquale, Leandro Guidotti and Pietro Mascolo.
3. Cognitive Mapping and Multi-criteria Assessment for the Design of an Electric Car Sharing Service, Alessandro Luè, Alberto Colorni and Roberto Nocerino.
4. Eco-driving for Clean Vehicles – Optimizing Energy Use for Tramsande-buses, Wolfgang Backhaus.
5. The Role and Activities of SMEs in EU R&D Transport Programmes: the Case of Electric Vehicles, David Morris.
6. HERCULES-1: The Long-Term (2004–2014) R&D Programme on Large Engine Technologies for Ships, Nikolaos Kyrtatos.
7. Energy Storage System Studies for Heavy Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the EC HCV Project, Mario Conte, Francesco Vellucci, Massimo Ceraolo, Peter Daemon, Giorgio Mantovani, Christian Niklas, Sophie Tintignac and Giancarlo Trotti.
8. Achievements and Lessons Learnt in the Zero Regio EU Project, Heinrich Lienkamp and Ashok Rastogi.
9. FEV HiFORS Injector with Continuous Rate Shaping: Influence on Mixture Formation and Combustion Process, Paul Grzeschik, Hermann-Josef Laumen and Udo Schlemmer Kelling.
10. Development of Predictive Vehicle and Drivetrain Operating Strategies Based Upon Advanced Information and Communication Technologies, Stephen Jones, Arno Huss, Emre Kural, Alexander Massoner, Edoardo Morra, Christa Simon, Reinhard Tatschl and Christian Vock.
11. Measures to Promote the Diffusion of Alternative Fuel Vehicles in EU27, Michael Krail and Wolfgang Schade.
12. Creating Prospective Value Chains for Renewable Road Transport Energy Sources up to 2050 in Nordic Countries, Anu Tuominen, Nina Wessberg, Anna Leinonen, Annele Eerola and Simon Bolwig.
13. The Consequences of Increasing Fuel Prices on Car Travel and Household Budgets, Richard GRIMAL.
14. The Development of an Innovative On-board CNG Storage System for Methane-Fuelled Cars Conducted Within the FP7 EU Project ‘InGAS’, David Mark Storer, Giorgio Menzato, Michael Kleschinski, Volker Strubel, Bernhard Kiener, Jerzy Kaleta, Pawel Gasior, Wojciech Blazejewski, Georg Mair and Christian Gregor.
15. Sustainability Assessment of Infrastructure Elements with Integrated Energy Harvesting Technologies, Bijan Adl-Zarrabi, Mohammad Hoseini, York Ostermeyer and Holger Wallbaum.
16. GHG Mitigation Strategy in the European Transport Sector, Wolfgang Schade and Michael Krail.
17. Why do CO2 Emissions from Heavy Road Freight Transport Increase in Spite of Higher Fuel Prices? Inge Vierth.
18. A Study on Super Credits and their Impact on Fleet-Average Real-World CO2 Emissions, Petros Katsis, Thomas Papageorgiou and Leonidas Ntziachristos.
19. A Study on Co-Modality and Eco-Driving Mobility, Sven Maerivoet, Lars Akkermans, Kristof Carlier and Muriel Desaeger.
20. Harmonizing Carbon Footprint Calculation for Freight Transport Chains, Alan Lewis, Verena Ehrler, Heidi Auvinen, Hedi Maurer, Igor Davydenko, Antje Burmeister, Saskia Seidel, Andreas Lischke and Jan Kiel.
21. Carbon Intensity of French Shippers, Christophe Rizet, Cecilia Cruz, Matthieu De Lapparent and Martine Vromant.
22. Impact of FAME Content on the Regeneration Frequency of Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs), Kenneth D. Rose, Heather Hamje, Dimitris Katsaounis, Christos Samaras, Savas Geivanidis and Zissis Samaras.
23. Exhaust Aftertreatment Potentials of Advanced Coupled NSC-SCR System, Thomas Wittka, Bastian Holderbaum and Thomas Körfer.
24. Power Controlled Microwave Reactor for the Removal of NOx and SOx from the Exhaust of Marine Diesel Engines, Maysam Abbod, Radu Beleca, David Peirce, Lionel Ganippa, Nadarajah Manivannan and Wamadeva Balachandran.
25. Quantification of Non-Exhaust Particulate Matter Emissions from Road Transport, Ilias Vouitsis, Leonidas Ntziachristos, Christos Samaras and Zissis Samaras.
26. COPERT Micro: a Tool to Calculate Vehicle Emissions in Urban Areas, Christos Samaras, Leonidas Ntziachristos and Zissis Samaras.
27. Traffic and Vehicle Fleet Statistics for the Calculation of Air Pollutant Emissions from Road Transport in France, Michel André, Marion Carteret and Anaïs Pasquier.
28. AQUO European Collaborative Project – Development of Methods and Indicators for the Assessment of Shipping Noise Footprint on Underwater Environment and Impact on Marine Life, Christian Audoly, Céline Rousset, Thomas Folegot, Michel André, Lanfranco Benedetti and Eric Baudin.
29. Reduction of the Underwater Radiated Noise by Ships: New Shipbuilding Challenge. The Vessels “Ramón Margalef” and “Ángeles Alvariño” as Technological References of How to Build Silent Vessels, Publio Beltrán Palomo, Raul Salinas Mullor and Alfonso Moreno Rodríguez.
30. Mitigation of Ground Vibrations from Freight Trains, Patrick Vanhonacker and Hamid Masoumi.
31. ACOUTRAIN: Virtual Certification of Acoustic Performance for Freight and Passenger Trains, Nicolas Furio, Maria Starnberg, Estelle Bongini, David Thompson, Ulf Orrenius and Nathalie Cuny.
32. Additional Efficient Warning Sounds for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Etienne Parizet, Ryan Robart, Perceval Pondrom, Jean-Christophe Chamard, Guillaume Baudet, David Quinn, Karl Janssens and Manfred Haider.
Michel André is deputy director of the research department “Planning - Mobility - Environment” (AME), which comprises 7 laboratories of IFSTTAR in France. He also conducts research work at the Transports and Environment Laboratory, on transport and air pollution, pollutant emission measurement, real-world driving cycles, vehicle fleets and traffic conditions, pollution modeling and methodologies for assessing air pollution, and mitigation policies and measures.
Zissis Samaras is Full Professor and Director of the Lab of Applied Thermodynamics (LAT), Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece. His research work deals primarily with engine and vehicle emissions testing and modeling, and he has carried out a wide range of projects on modeling emissions from internal combustion engines.
Set Coordinator: Bernard Jacob, chair of the Programme Committee of TRA2014, is deputy scientific director for transport, infrastructures and safety with IFSTTAR. His research works are in bridge and road safety, traffic loads on bridges, heavy vehicles and weigh-in-motion. He is Professor at Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l’Etat in France, and President of the International Society for WIM (ISWIM).
Table of Contents
PDF File 992 Kb