Agriculture in developing countries must be innovated in order to respond to the triple threat of food and nutritional security, environmental issues and employment needs in rural areas. Yet, existing diffusionist innovation models based on the technological transfers of industrial countries do not respond to social demands, as evidenced for example by cotton and Jatropha technology in Burkina Faso. The ability to build collaborative innovation processes generates other models of innovation. These models are based on the creation of collective learning to hybridize the bases of scientific and tacit knowledge.
By analyzing different case studies: yam in Haiti, plantain bananas in Côte d'Ivoire, rice in Madagascar and vegetable production in Senegal, this book demonstrates the potential for agricultural innovation systems in developing countries. It also stresses the need to accelerate these changes in agricultural innovation systems through public policies that secure markets and investments in capital-intensive infrastructures. Finally, this book introduces new intensification pathways based on the potential of resources offered by the diversity of ecological, agronomic and social conditions of production and trade.
1. Innovation Platforms as a Tool to Support Technological Change in the Agri-Food Sector in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Plantain Value Chain in Côte d’Ivoire, Euphrasie C.M. Angbo-Kouakou, Ludovic Temple, Syndhia Mathé and Alexandre Assemien.
2. Biotechnological Cotton in Burkina Faso: An Innovation Trajectory in a Development Context, Eveline M.F.W. Compaoré Sawadogo.
3. Emergence of a Biofuel Innovation System and Production in Burkina Faso: An Analysis of the Determinants and Challenges for its Development, Salif Derra and Ludovic Temple.
4. Trajectories of Innovation in Conservation Agriculture at Lake Alaotra in Madagascar, Eric Penot, Valentin Fevre and Patricia Flodrops
5. Ecological Transition of an Innovation Model: Yam Seed Production in Haiti, James Boyer and Ludovic Temple.
6. Diversity of Innovation Processes in the Niayes Market Gardening System (Senegal): Between Conventional Intensification and Agro-Ecological Transition, Patrick Dugué, Isabelle Michel, Victor Kettela and Serge Simon.
7. Food Challenges in Africa, Jean-Marc Boussard.
Ludovic Temple is an economist who is in charge of the research team on innovation systems and research in the agriculture and food sector in the UMR innovation at CIRAD in France. He is also a member of the research network on innovation.
Eveline M.F.W. Compaoré Sawadogo is a sociologist specialized in agricultural innovation systems. She is an associate researcher at the Institute for Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA) at CNRST in Burkina Faso.
Table of Contents
PDF File 113 Kb