The impact of natural disasters has become an important and ever-growing preoccupation for modern societies. Volcanic eruptions are particularly feared due to their devastating local, regional or global effects. Relevant scientific expertise that aims to evaluate the hazards of volcanic activity and monitor and predict eruptions has progressively developed since the start of the 20th century. The further development of fundamental knowledge and technological advances over this period have allowed scientific capabilities in this field to evolve.
Hazards and Monitoring of Volcanic Activity groups a number of available techniques and approaches to render them easily accessible to teachers, researchers and students.
This volume reviews the different monitoring methods. It first considers fluids and solid products, approaches that provide valuable information on pre-eruptive processes and eruption dynamics. It also focuses on the description of geophysical monitoring methods under development.
1. Monitoring of Volcanic Fluids by Séverine Moune and Emilie Roulleau.
2. Monitoring of Eruptive Products: Deposits Associated with Pyroclastic Fallout by Lucia Gurioli, Alessandro Tadini, Simon Thivet, Etienne Médard, Carole Berthod and Ivan Vlastelic.
3. Monitoring of Eruptive Products: Pyroclastic Density Currents and Their Deposits by Alessandro Tadini, Lucia Gurioli, Sylvain Charbonnier, Simont Thivet and Jean-Claude Thouret.
4. Gravity Monitoring of Volcanoes by Lydie Gailler, Jean-François Lénat and Franck Donnadieu.
5. Electrical and Electromagnetic Monitoring of Volcanoes by Lydie Gailler, Jean-François Lénat and Philippe Labazuy.
6. Magnetic Monitoring of Volcanoes by Lydie Gailler and Jean-François Lénat.
Jean-François Lénat is Emeritus Professor at the Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, France, and was the first scientific director of the volcano observatory at Piton de la Fournaise. He has studied many volcanoes, focusing particularly on the volcanism of the island of La Réunion.
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