The Mechanisms of Explosions

27 Case Studies for their Understanding

The Mechanisms of Explosions

Jacques Chaineaux, University of Strasbourg, France

ISBN : 9781786308863

Publication Date : May 2023

Hardcover 316 pp

165.00 USD



The risk of explosion is inseparable from industrial activity, as we are often reminded by the news. In order to avoid an explosion, it is necessary to understand the phenomena surrounding it, and take the necessary preventive measures to protect society if it comes to the worst-case scenario. This book will detail these phenomena.

The Mechanisms of Explosions presents theoretical aspects from a physicochemical point of view and proposes various methods adapted to each type of explosion, including ATEX explosions. The author shares his knowledge of the mechanisms of explosions, acquired during numerous investigations.

These 27 case studies – detailing circumstances, mechanisms and the nature and intensity of explosive effects – were selected to cover all of the possible physical or chemical phenomena, substances and mechanisms, without limiting themselves to the most common situations.

This book, packed full of information, is designed to benefit those who analyze and investigate explosions, particularly insurance and judicial experts, prevention engineers, security managers and trainers.


Part 1. General Information and Approach.
1. The Explosion Phenomenon.
2. Method of Investigating an Explosion.

Part 2. 27 Case Studies of Domestic or Industrial Explosions.
1. Discrimination Between NG and Butane.
2. Determination of the Mechanism of an Accident Involving a Fire and an Explosion.
3. Determination of the Mechanism of an Accident Involving a Fire and Two Explosions.
4. Determination of the Mechanism of an Explosion from the Leak Flow Rate of NG.
5. Determination of the Mechanism of a Propane Explosion from the Leak Flow Rate.
6. Determination of the Explosion Mechanism, Based on the Location of the Ignition Source of ATEX.
7. Explosion of a Hydrogenated ATEX in a Pulp Paper Tank.
8. Explosion of a Hydrogenated ATEX in an Electrolyzer Cell.
9. Explosion of an Air–Propane ATEX.
10. Explosion in a Refinery.
11. Explosions in Recovery Facilities for Cupola Gases.
12. Explosion of Acetone Vapor.
13. Explosion of Vapor of Toluene.
14. Explosion of Vapor of Kerosene.
15. Explosion of Volatile Hydrocarbons.
16. Explosion in a Spray Dryer of Powdered Milk.
17. Explosion in a Wood Waste Grinding Facility.
18. Explosion of a Chloroduct.
19. Combustion of Steel in Oxygen.
20. Explosion in an Aluminum Foundry.
21. Explosion in a Laboratory Nitration Test.
22. Explosion in a Chemical Reactor.
23. Explosion and Fire Resulting from an Oxidation by KMnO4.
24. Explosion Involving Hydrazine.
25. Burst of a Steel Gas Cylinder.
26. Explosion in a Foundry of Steel Waste.
27. Explosion in the Boiler of a Household Waste Incinerator.

About the authors/editors

Jacques Chaineaux has a doctorate in chemistry from the University of Strasbourg, France. He has analyzed nearly one hundred cases of industrial explosions over the span of 40 years, as well as domestic explosions, as a judiciary expert for the Courts of Appeal.