Spatial analysis is an increasingly important tool for detecting numerous risk phenomena, from natural disasters to infrastructure failure, and beyond. This book concentrates on examples based on risk prevention, but also gives approaches and advice for crisis control in the event of an actual occurrence.
The content of the book is segmented to address different landscapes; there are chapters addressing urban applications – in which vulnerabilities are closely concentrated by area – while others address more rural areas, where risk phenomena are more scattered.
Throughout the discussion, a range of case studies are given, providing the reader with accessible demonstrations of the practical application of this field of study.
1. From Prevention to Risk Management: Use of GIS, Sophie Sauvagnargues-Lesage.
2. Coupled Use of Spatial Analysis and Fuzzy Arithmetic: Assessing the Vulnerability of a Watershed to Phytosanitary Products, Bertrand De Bruyn, Catherine Freissinet and Michel Vauclin.
3. Agricultural Non-point Source Pollution, Philippe Bolo and Christophe Brachet.
4. Cartographic Index and History of Road Sites that Face Natural Hazards in the Province of Turin, Paola Allegra, Laura Turconi and Domenico Tropeano.
5. Forest and Mountain Natural Risks: From Hazard Representation to Risk Zoning – the Example of Avalanches, Frédéric Berger and Jérôme Liévois.
6. GIS and Modeling in Forest Fire Prevention, Marielle Jappiot, Raphaële Blanchi and Frank Guarnieri.
7. Spatial Decision Support and Multi-agent Systems: Application to Forest Fire Prevention and Control, Franck Guarnieri, Alain Jaber and Jean-Luc Wybo.
8. Flood Monitoring Systems, Jean-Jacques Vidal and Noël Watrin.
9. Geography Applied to Mapping Flood-sensitive Areas: A Methodological Approach, Christophe Prunet and Jean-Jacques Vidal.
10. Information Systems and Diked Areas: Examples at the National, Regional and Local Levels, Pierre Maurel, Rémy Tourment and William Halbecq.
11. Geomatics and Urban Risk Management: Expected Advances, Jean-Pierre Asté.
Gérard Brugnot heads the natural risks section at Cemagref, Grenoble, France.