This book covers a range of topics that are of increasing importance in engineering practice: natural hazards, pollution, and environmental protection through good practice.
The first half of the book deals with natural risk factors, of both natural and human origin, that should be considered: subsidence, accidental infiltration, soil instability, rockslides and mudslides, debris flow, and degradation of buildings and monuments due to pollution and climactic effects, for example. These problems are highlighted and it is shown that a combination of sophisticated numerical techniques and extensive experimental investigations are necessary in order to effectively tackle these problems.
The second half of the book is devoted to the use of polluted sites and associated problems, a topic of growing significance given the increasing reclamation of land from abandoned industrial sites for urban development over the last 20 years. Different types of oil pollution and decontamination methods are described, followed by a discussion of waste management and detailed coverage of confinement liners used in surface waste disposal.
1. Debris Flows, Christophe Ancey.
2. Snow Avalanches, Christophe Ancey.
3. Instability of Soil Masses, Laurent Vulliet.
4. Instability of Rock Masses, François Descoeudres.
5. Subsidence Phenomena, Bernhard Schrefler and Luciano Simoni.
6. Soil Collapse due to Water Infiltration, Pierre Delage and Yu-Jun Cui.
7. Subsidence Induced by Fossil Fuel Extraction, Christian Schroeder, Yu-Jun Cui and Bernhard Schrefler.
8. Deterioration of Stone in Monuments, Véronique Verges-Belmin.
9. The Physics of Water Transfer in Stone, Jean-Paul Laurent.
10. Experimental Techniques for Characterizing Alterations, Claude Brunjail, Guy Bastian, Grégoire Chene and Véronique Verges-Belmin. Updated by Philippe Bromblet.
11. Studies, Jean Godin, Claude Brunjail, Véronique Verges-Belmin and Ann Bourges.
12. The Nature and Survey of Soil Pollution, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Pierre Delage and Michel Wojnarowicz.
13. Retention and Transfer of Soluble Chemical Pollutants: Mechanisms and Numerical Modeling, Robert Charlier and Jean-Pol Radu.
14. Retention and Transfer of Pollution by Hydrocarbons: Mechanisms and Numerical Modeling, Bernhard Schrefler and Pierre Delage.
15. Methods of Soil Environmental Remediation, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Michel Wojnarowicz and Mario Manassero.
16. Liners for Waste Containment Facilities, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Michel Wojnarowicz and Mario Manassero.
Bernhard Schrefler is Professor of Structural Mechanics at the University of Padua, Italy.
Pierre Delage is Professor of Geotechnical Engineering at L’Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC), Paris, France.