Formal Methods Applied to Complex Systems

Implementation of the B Method

Formal Methods Applied to Complex Systems

Edited by

Jean-Louis Boulanger

ISBN : 9781848217096

Publication Date : June 2014

Hardcover 512 pp

195.00 USD



This book presents real-world examples of formal techniques in an industrial context. It covers formal methods such as SCADE and/or the B Method, in various fields such as railways, aeronautics, and the automotive industry. The purpose of this book is to present a summary of experience on the use of “formal methods” (based on formal techniques such as proof, abstract interpretation and model-checking) in industrial examples of complex systems, based on the experience of people currently involved in the creation and assessment of safety critical system software. The involvement of people from within the industry allows the authors to avoid the usual confidentiality problems which can arise and thus enables them to supply new useful information (photos, architecture plans, real examples, etc.).

The authors cover the following topics: an example of use of SCADE, constraint solving in B, validation of Petri Nets-based automated rail safety, data validation, etc.


1. Presentation of the B Method, Jean-Louis Boulanger.
2. Atelier B, Thierry Lecomte.
3. B Tools, Jean-Louis Boulanger.
4. The B Method at Siemens, Daniel Dolle.
5. Industrial Applications for Modeling with the B Method, Thierry Lecomte.
6. Formalization of Digital Circuits Using the B Method, Jean-Louis Boulanger.
7. Pragmatic Use of B: The Power of Formal Methods without the Bulk, Christophe Metayer, François Bustany, Mathieu Clabaut.
8. BRILLANT/BCaml—AFreeTools Platform for the B Method, Samuel Colin, Dorian Petit.
9. Translating B and Event-B Machines to Java and JML, Néstor Catano, Víctor Rivera, Camilo Rueday and Tim Wahlsz.
10. Event B, Dominique Méry, Neeraj Kumar Singh.
11. B-RAIL: UML to B Transformation in Modeling a Level Crossing, Jean-Louis Boulanger.
12. Feasibility of the Use of Formal Methods for Manufacturing Systems, Pascal Lamy, Philippe Charpentier, Jean-François Petinand Dominique Evrot.
13. B Extended to Floating-Point Numbers: Is It Sufficient for Proving Avionics Software?, Jean-Louis Dufour.
14. From Animation to Data Validation: The ProB Constraint Solver 10 Years On, Michael Leuschel, Jens Bendisposto,Ivo Dobrikov, Sebastian Krings, Daniel Plagge.
15. Unified Train Driving Policy, Alexei Iliasov,Ilya Lopatkin, Alexander Romanovsky.

About the authors/editors

Jean-Louis Boulanger is currently an Independent Safety Assessor (ISA) in the railway domain focusing on software elements. He is a specialist in software engineering (requirement engineering, semi-formal and formal method, proof and model-checking). He also works as an expert for the French notified body CERTIFER in the field of certification of safety critical railway applications based on software (ERTMS, TCMS, SCADA, CBTC, automatic subway, etc.). His research interests include requirements, software verification and validation, traceability and RAMS with a special focus on SAFETY.

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