Committee login






Small thumbnail

Reliability Investigation of LED Devices for Public Light Applications

Durability, Robustness and Reliability of Photonic Devices Set

Small thumbnail

Aerospace Actuators 2

Signal-by-Wire and Power-by-Wire

Small thumbnail

Flash Memory Integration

Performance and Energy Considerations

Small thumbnail

Mechanics of Aeronautical Solids, Materials and Structures

Small thumbnail

Engineering Investment Process

Making Value Creation Repeatable

Small thumbnail

Space Strategy

Small thumbnail

Distributed Systems

Concurrency and Consistency

Small thumbnail

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites

Durability and Ageing of Organic Composite Materials Set Volume 1

Small thumbnail

Management of the Effects of Coastal Storms

Policy, Scientific and Historical Perspectives

Small thumbnail

Computational Color Science

Variational Retinex-like Methods

Small thumbnail

Formalizing Natural Languages

The NooJ Approach

Max Silberztein, International NooJ Association

ISBN: 9781848219021

Publication Date: January 2016   Hardback   346 pp.

130.00 USD

Add to cart




This book is at the very heart of linguistics. It provides the theoretical and methodological framework needed to create a successful linguistic project.
Potential applications of descriptive linguistics include spell-checkers, intelligent search engines, information extractors and annotators, automatic summary producers, automatic translators, and more. These applications have considerable economic potential, and it is therefore important for linguists to make use of these technologies and to be able to contribute to them.
The author provides linguists with tools to help them formalize natural languages and aid in the building of software able to automatically process texts written in natural language (Natural Language Processing, or NLP).
Computers are a vital tool for this, as characterizing a phenomenon using mathematical rules leads to its formalization. NooJ a linguistic development environment software developed by the author is described and practically applied to examples of NLP.


1. Introduction: the Project.
2. Formalizing the Alphabet.
3. Defining Vocabulary.
4. Electronic Dictionaries.
5. Languages, Grammars, and Machines.
6. Regular Grammars.
7. Context-Free Grammars.
8. Context-Sensitive Grammars.
9. Unrestricted Grammars.
10. Text Annotation Structure.
11. Lexical Analysis.
12. Syntactic Analysis.
13. Transformational Analysis.

About the Authors

Max Silberztein is President of the International NooJ Association. His research focuses on computational linguistics and language formalization.


DownloadTable of Contents - PDF File - 174 Kb

0.02695 s.