Physical Processes and Measurement Devices
Volume 1 • Environmental Hydraulics Series
Publication Date: October 2010 Hardback 672 pp.
The study and management of water resources – especially the quantitative approach taken through the science of hydraulics and hydrology – is becoming increasingly important as those resources are affected by increasing population and development, the demands and consumption of industry, pollution, and climate change. Since the existence of water in the environment is also related to the role it plays in many other processes – from weather phenomena and climate, including heat transport in the atmosphere and oceans, to shaping the physical geography and geology of the landscape of rivers, plains, and coastal regions through erosion and deposition – this is a complex and interrelated field relating ecosystems, geography, climate, and planning and development among other topics.
This series of five volumes focused on environmental hydraulics studies the complete water (or hydrologic) cycle from meteorology to coastal morpho-dynamics, including looking at river hydraulics, hydrogeology and marine hydraulics. It describes these physical processes, and how they are observed in the real world, from catchment basins or watersheds where precipitation first falls, all the way through the transport of water to the sea. An inventory of ground measurement instruments, which provide necessary input data for the various modeling tools described in the book, is drawn up, and mathematical models describing each field within the overall subject area are detailed by a series of system equations. These are then solved by the use of numerical methods adapted to the particular characteristics of the application in question.
Many of the key modeling tools used by engineers in practice in the field are described in detail, as well as numerous examples of the application of the methods to real world problems, presented as case studies that highlight all of the processes described above.
Volume 1 describes the physical processes that take place, and identifies the main measurement devices used to capture the necessary details and types of data in order to implement models using the available simulation tools.
Part 1. Floods and Climate Change
1. Presentation of the Environmental Hydraulics Treatise, Jean-Michel Tanguy and Denis Dartus.
2. Flooding and Natural Disasters, Jean-Baptiste Migraine.
3. Climate Change and Hydrology, Jean-Michel Gresillon.
Part 2. Hydrometeorology
4. Formation of Clouds and Rain, Véronique Ducrocq.
5. Evapotranspiration, Christelle Alot and Florence Habets.
6. Runoff, Eric Gaume, Philippe Battaglia and Rémi Wagner.
7. Drainage Basin, Isabella Zin.
8. Statistical and Semi-Empirical Hydrology. Rain and Flow Analysis, Philippe Bois.
Part 3. Hydraulics and River
9. Mechanisms of Free-Surface Flow, Philippe Lefort and Jean-Michel Tanguy.
10. Generation and Propagation of Floods in Urban Areas, Dominique Laplace, Emmanuel Mignot and André Paquier.
11. Quality of Surface Waters, Patrick Goblet and Stéphanie Even.
12. Transport of Sediments – Bedload and Suspension, Kamal El Kadi Abderrezzak and André Paquier.
13. Fluvial Morphodynamics, Philippe Lefort.
14. Typology of rivers and streams, Philippe Lefort and Jean-Michel Tanguy.
Part 4. Estuary, Sea and Coastline
15. Estuaries, Claude Migniot and Jean-Michel Tanguy.
16. The Tide, Bernard Simon.
17. Waves, Jean-Michel Tanguy.
18. Storm and storm surge forecasts, Pierre Daniel and Jean-Michel Tanguy.
19. Coastal Zone, François Sabatier and Jean-Michel Tanguy.
Part 5. Necessary Data for the Modeling Tools
20. Introduction to Measuring Systems, Jean-Michel Tanguy.
21. Measurement of the Meteorological Parameters Related to the Water Cycle, Pierre Tabary, Jean-Michel Tanguy and Pascale Dupuy.
22. Topographic and Bathymetric Data, Annick Tekatlian.
23. Soils, Water and Water in Soils, Arthur Marchandise.
24. Levels and Flowrates in Watercourses, Lakes and Reservoirs, Jean-Michel Tanguy.
25. Water Quality Measurements, Patrick Goblet and Stéphanie Even.
26. Measuring Ice Cover Thickness, Jean-Michel Tanguy.
27. Measurements in Fluvial Sedimentology, Philippe Lefort and David Goutx.
28. Measurements in Urban Hydrology, Philippe Battaglia.
29. Measuring Currents, Swells and the Sea Level, Jean-Michel Tanguy.
30. Sedimentological Measurements in a Coastal Environment,
Franck Levoy and Bernadette Tessier.
31. New Technologies from Space, Christian Puech and Fabrice Ardhuin.
About the Authors
Jean-Michel Tanguy is a French civil engineer who passed a master degree in Ice Hydraulics and a PhD in River Sediment Transport Modeling at Laval University, Quebec.