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Flash Memory Integration
Performance and Energy Considerations
4 zettabytes (4 billion terabytes) of data generated in 2013, 44 zettabytes predicted for 2020 and 185 zettabytes for 2025. These figures are staggering and perfectly illustrate this new era of data deluge. Data has become a major economic and social challenge. The speed of processing of these data is that of the weakest link in a computer system: the storage system. It is therefore crucial to opt...
From Smart Grids to Smart Cities
New Challenges in Optimizing Energy Grids
In recent years, a new regulatory framework and advanced technologies have changed the way energy grids are operated. Now, more than ever, a more efficient operation of distribution grids is needed to confront the new challenges faced by modern society and its infrastructures.
In this book, some concepts and methodologies developed in a pluri-technological sector, such as power systems, are show...
Energy Autonomy of Real-Time Systems
Energy Management in Embedded Systems Set
This book deals with a new problem, that of energy autonomy of a real-time system that feeds from a source of environmental energy. This involves investigating various issues related to the harvest of energy, its temporary storage and use in order to ensure sustainable autonomy while respecting the rules of performance in real time.
After two introductory chapters which deal with real-time comp...
Practical Aspects of Design
The literature concerning (Inductive) Power Management and methods of designing solutions is now quite rich. However, research and lab-scale demonstrators are not what practicing engineers are looking for. Industry is rather conservative and improvements of solutions are incremental. This book aims to deliver a clear message about the issues and aspects that should be considered in order to unders...
Intelligence in Energy
In a world of increasing population, this book explores the ways in which technological progress can provide smart energy management strategies to maximize resources.
Energy is essential to the survival and development of mankind. Increased pressure on existing resources now requires wiser energy management, in addition to the discovery of new resources. Challenges such as the global trend of “ch...
Energy Autonomy of Batteryless and Wireless Embedded Systems
Numerous new applications of embedded systems are envisioned in the context of aeronautics, such as sensor deployment for flight tests or for structural health monitoring. However, the increasing burden of on-board cabling requires wireless solutions. Moreover, concerns such as safety or system lifetime preclude the use of electrochemical energy storage. Ambient energy capture, storage and managem...
Thermodynamics – Energy, Environment, Economy Set
Emergy, spelled with an ‘M’, is the embodied energy contained in a product, a good or a service.
This work is intended for economic and academic stakeholders, who are conscious of implementing or disseminating technical solutions which fall within the scope of a particular development that demonstrates consideration for our planet’s limited resources.
In many cases, specific emergy is considered...
Energy and Environment
Research for Innovative Transports Set - Volume 1
Transport systems are facing an impossible dilemma: satisfy an increasing demand for mobility of people and goods, while decreasing their fossil-energy requirements and preserving the environment. Additionally, transport has an opportunity to evolve in a changing world, with new services, technologies but also new requirements (fast delivery, reliability, improved accessibility).
In this book, ...
Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Energy and Chemicals
FOCUS Series in Energy
This book highlights the processes of biomass thermochemical conversion, covering topics from combustion and gasification, to pyrolysis and liquefaction.
Heat, power, biofuels and green chemicals can all be produced by these thermochemical processes. The different scales of investigation are presented: from the bioenergy chains, to the reactors and molecular mechanisms.
The author uses current ...
Energy Storage in Electric Power Grids
The storage of electrical energy is a long-standing issue that has been only very partially resolved to date, particularly from an economic perspective. The development of renewable energies and the need for means of transport with reduced CO2 emissions have generated new interest in storage, which has become a key component of sustainable development. The aim of this book is to contribute to the ...
Al-based Energetic Nanomaterials
Design, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications
Over the past two decades, the rapid development of nanochemistry and nanotechnology has enabled the synthesis of various materials and oxides in the form of nanopowders, making it possible to produce new energetic compositions and nanomaterials.
This book has a bottom-up structure, moving from the synthesis of nanomaterials through to the fields of application. Starting from the synthesis of alu...
Electrodes for Li-ion Batteries
Materials, Mechanisms and Performance
The choice of positive and negative electrode materials directly impacts the performances of lithium-ion batteries. Crystal structure, electronic or ionic conductivity, particle size and morphology are crucial features that directly influence the working potential of the materials, their gravimetric and volumetric capacity and thus the resulting energy density of the batteries. The chemical and el...
Electrochemical Energy Storage
Energy Storage – Batteries and Supercapacitors set Coordinated by Patrice Simon and Jean-Marie Tarascon
The electrochemical storage of energy has become essential in assisting the development of electrical transport and use of renewable energies. French researchers have played a key role in this domain but Asia is currently the market leader. Not wanting to see history repeat itself, France created the research network on electrochemical energy storage (RS2E, Réseau sur le stockage électrochimique d...
Identification and Projections
Under certain scenarios on the subject of CO2 emissions, by the end of the century the atmospheric concentration could triple its pre-industrial level.
The very large numerical models intended to anticipate the corresponding climate evolutions are designed and quantified from the laws of physics. However, little is generally known about these: genesis of clouds, terms of the greenhouse effect, so...
Solar Energy at Urban Scale
Increasing urbanization throughout the world, the depletion of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have transformed the city into a physical problem of prime importance. This book proposes a multi-disciplinary and systematic approach concerning specialities as different as meteorology, geography, architecture and urban engineering systems, all surrounding the essential problem of solar...
Electricity Production from Renewable Energies
Energy and environmental issues have caused a marked increase in electricity production from renewable energy sources since the beginning of the 21st Century. The concept of sustainable development and concern for future generations challenge us every day to produce new technologies for energy production, and new patterns of use for these energies. Their rapid emergence can make the understanding ...
Marine Renewable Energy Handbook
Marine renewable energy is a significant resource for generating electricity, and if some conversion technologies have already reached a certain level of maturity, others are emerging.
The originality of this multidisciplinary book is to offer a broad spectrum of knowledge from academic and industry experts of various origins. It deals with general aspects such as the specificities and constrain...
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Modeling
The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage and conversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convert the chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) into electricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversion steps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it is considered to be one of the future energy solutions.
Among the different fuel cel...
Energy storage examines different applications such as electric power generation, transmission and distribution systems, pulsed systems, transportation, buildings and mobile applications. For each of these applications, proper energy storage technologies are foreseen, with their advantages, disadvantages and limits.
As electricity cannot be stored cheaply in large quantities, energy has to be sto...
Low Emission Power Generation Technologies and Energy Management
This book provides a detailed treatment of energy storage, low emission power generation technologies, and energy management.
It begins with an examination of the generation of nuclear energy and then moves on to an analysis of combined heat and power generation, by which it is possible to produce heat and electricity together as a complement to heat generation in order to improve the efficiency...
Renewable Energy Technologies
This book addresses the main characteristics of the emerging generation of technologies which will be employed to provide energy for the power grid over the next 20 years.
It includes a discussion of solar energy in its various forms, such as photovoltaic, thermal and thermodynamic energy conversion, taking into account the various issues associated with the connection of these solar plants to t...