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Reliability Investigation of LED Devices for Public Light Applications

Durability, Robustness and Reliability of Photonic Devices Set

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Aerospace Actuators 2

Signal-by-Wire and Power-by-Wire

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Flash Memory Integration

Performance and Energy Considerations

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Mechanics of Aeronautical Solids, Materials and Structures

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Engineering Investment Process

Making Value Creation Repeatable

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Space Strategy

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Distributed Systems

Concurrency and Consistency

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Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites

Durability and Ageing of Organic Composite Materials Set – Volume 1

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Management of the Effects of Coastal Storms

Policy, Scientific and Historical Perspectives

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Computational Color Science

Variational Retinex-like Methods

Browse Titles by Subject

Cognitive Science

Reflexive Governance for Research and Innovative Knowledge

Responsible Research and Innovation Set – Volume 6

Marc Maesschalck, Université de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Too often, governance falls short of the ideals established through reflections on RRI. Yet, a reflexive governance model has emerged in recent years in scientific debates. This model tries to focus on the effects of actors’ commitment in shared cooperative actions so as to create the conditions for accumulating new knowledge through the collective experimentation of solutions. These reflexive mec...

February 2017

The Hermeneutic Side of Responsible Research and Innovation

Responsible Research and Innovation Set – Volume 5

Armin Grunwald, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany

Responsible research and innovation (RRI) has become an intensely debated concept for shaping future science, technology and innovation. This book is dedicated to the first steps of emerging RRI debates. Its main message is that the object of responsibility must be extended: beyond scrutinizing the responsibility for possible consequences of new science and technology in a more distant future. It ...

December 2016

Precautionary Principle, Pluralism and Deliberation

Science and Ethics

Bernard Reber, Sciences Po Paris (Political Research Center), France

This volume tackles the burden of judgment and the challenges of ethical disagreements, organizes the cohabitation of scientific and ethical argumentations in such a way they find their appropriate place in the political decision. It imagines several forms of agreements and open ways of conflict resolution that are very different compared with ones of the majority of political philosophers and pol...

December 2016

Collective Intelligence Development in Business

Patricia Bouvard and Hervé Suzanne, Horizon Performance Conseil

Diversity in business has always been a source of both benefits and challenges: “This person definitely has some good ideas, but I cannot work with them – they never see things in the same way!”.
Evidently, the expression of egos and of individual differences within a company can provoke a number of counter-productive issues, in a world where flexibility and efficiency are essential to performanc...

November 2016

Brain-Computer Interfaces 2

Technology and Applications

Edited by Maureen Clerc, Inria Sophia Antipolis, France Laurent Bougrain, University of Lorraine, France Fabien Lotte, Inria Bordeaux, France

Brain–computer interfaces (BCI) are devices which measure brain activity and translate it into messages or commands, thereby opening up many possibilities for investigation and application. This book provides keys for understanding and designing these multi-disciplinary interfaces, which require many fields of expertise such as neuroscience, statistics, informatics and psychology.
This second vo...

August 2016

Natural Language Processing and Computational Linguistics 1

Speech, Morphology and Syntax

Mohamed Zakaria Kurdi, Lynchburg College, Virginia, USA

Natural language processing (NLP) is a scientific discipline which is found at the interface of computer science, artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology.
Providing an overview of international work in this interdisciplinary field, this book gives the reader a panoramic view of both early and current research in NLP. Carefully chosen multilingual examples present the state of the art of...

August 2016

Brain–Computer Interfaces 1

Foundations and Methods

Edited by Maureen Clerc, Inria Sophia Antipolis, France Laurent Bougrain, University of Lorraine, France Fabien Lotte, Inria Bordeaux, France

Brain–computer interfaces (BCI) are devices which measure brain activity and translate it into messages or commands, thereby opening up many investigation and application possibilities.
This book provides keys for understanding and designing these multi-disciplinary interfaces, which require many fields of expertise such as neuroscience, statistics, informatics and psychology.
This first volume,...

July 2016

Collaborative Annotation for Reliable Natural Language Processing

Technical and Sociological Aspects

Karën Fort, University Paris-Sorbonne, France

This book presents a unique opportunity for constructing a consistent image of collaborative manual annotation for Natural Language Processing (NLP).
NLP has witnessed two major evolutions in the past 25 years: firstly, the extraordinary success of machine learning, which is now, for better or for worse, overwhelmingly dominant in the field, and secondly, the multiplication of evaluation campaign...

May 2016

Daily Knowledge Valuation in Organizations

Traceability and Capitalization

Edited by Nada Matta, University of Technology of Troyes, France Hassan Atifi, University of Technology of Troyes, France Guillaume Ducellier, University of Technology of Troyes, France

One of the major challenges for modern organizations is the management of individual and collective knowledge, which is at the root of specific practices designed to optimize knowledge acquisition, maintenance and application. There are, however, still a disproportionately low number of studies focused on the structure and nature of knowledge.
This book tackles the subject of daily knowledge: the...

April 2016

Responsibility and Freedom

The Ethical Realm of RRI

Robert Gianni, University of Namur, Belgium

Responsible Research and Innovation appears as a paradoxical frame, hard to conceptualize and difficult to apply.
If, on the one hand, research and innovation appear to follow logics blind to societal issues, on the other hand responsibility is still a blurred concept interpreted according to circumstances.
Different perspectives are implied in the RRI discourse which also renders its applicat...

February 2016

Named Entities for Computational Linguistics

FOCUS Series in Cognitive Science

Damien Nouvel, National Institute of Oriental Languages And Civilizations (Inalto), Paris, France Maud Ehrmann, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland Sophie Rosset, French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris, France

One of the challenges brought on by the digital revolution of the recent decades is the mechanism by which information carried by texts can be extracted in order to access its contents.
The processing of named entities remains a very active area of research, which plays a central role in natural language processing technologies and their applications. Named entity recognition, a tool used in info...

January 2016

Ethical Efficiency

Responsibility and Contingency

Virgil Cristian Lenoir, Consultant

Practical and conceptual, the Responsible Research and Innovation set of books contributes to the clarification of this new requirement for all sciences and technological innovation. It covers the multiple and international responsibilities, by using various philosophical resources, mostly discussing the following topics: ethics, contingency, normative economy, freedom, corporate social responsibi...

January 2016

Formalizing Natural Languages

The NooJ Approach

Max Silberztein, International NooJ Association

This book is at the very heart of linguistics. It provides the theoretical and methodological framework needed to create a successful linguistic project.
Potential applications of descriptive linguistics include spell-checkers, intelligent search engines, information extractors and annotators, automatic summary producers, automatic translators, and more. These applications have considerable econo...

January 2016

Information Systems for Knowledge Management

Edited by Inès Saad, University of Picardie Jules Verne, France Camille Rosenthal-Sabroux, Dauphine University, Paris, France Faïez Gargouri, Sfax University, Tunisia

Knowledge management (KM) is the process of finding, distributing, and using knowledge about an organization effectively in a multi-disciplined approach.
Information Systems for Knowledge Management brings together leading authors in this field to discuss implementing KM through networks and information technology. Individual chapters cover various topics in the field, including assessing communi...

July 2015

Games with a Purpose (GWAPs)

FOCUS Series in Cognitive Science and Knowledge Management

Mathieu Lafourcade, University of Montpellier, France Nathalie Le Brun, Consultant Alain Joubert, IUT in Montpellier, France

Games with a Purpose (GWAPs) make it possible to collect data or solve problems that are too complex or too costly in terms of means to be solved by machines.These fun activities, which represent a type of serious gaming, are delicate to design since they must be both appealing and useful.
This book presents and analyzes GWAPs with specific themes (biology, medicine, automatic language process...

July 2015

Transfer and Management of Knowledge

Edited by Carolina Machado, University of Minho, Portugal J. Paulo Davim, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Today, more and more academics and practitioners are seeking to understand how organizations manage their knowledge and intellectual capital in order to obtain more effective competitive advantages. Taking into account these issues, and in order to answer the concerns expressed by these professionals, this book looks to help them understand and implement the effective transfer and management of kn...

August 2014

Logical Modeling of Biological Systems

Edited by Luis Farinas del Cerro, IRIT, Toulouse, France Katsumi Inoue, National Institute of Informatics, Tokyo, Japan

Systems Biology is the systematic study of the interactions between the components of a biological system and studies how these interactions give rise to the function and behavior of the living system. Through this, a life process is to be understood as a whole system rather than the collection of the parts considered separately. Systems Biology is therefore more than just an emerging field: it re...

July 2014

Comparable Corpora and Computer-assisted Translation

Estelle Maryline Delpech, University of Nantes, France

Computer-assisted translation (CAT) has always used translation memories, which require the translator to have a corpus of previous translations that the CAT software can use to generate bilingual lexicons. This can be problematic when the translator does not have such a corpus, for instance, when the text belongs to an emerging field. To solve this issue, CAT research has looked into the leveragi...

June 2014

Man–Machine Dialogue

Design and Challenges

Frédéric Landragin, CNRS, France

This book summarizes the main problems posed by the design of a man–machine dialogue system and offers ideas on how to continue along the path towards efficient, realistic and fluid communication between humans and machines. A culmination of ten years of research, it is based on the author’s development, investigation and experimentation covering a multitude of fields, including artificial intell...

June 2013

Tools for Collaborative Decision-Making

FOCUS Series in Computer Engineering and Information Technology

Pascale Zaraté, Toulouse 1 Capitole University, France

Decision-making has evolved recently thanks to the introduction of information and communication technologies in many organizations, which has led to new kinds of decision-making processes, called “collaborative decision-making”, at the organizational and cognitive levels. This book looks at the development of the decision-making process in organizations. Decision-aiding and its paradigm of proble...

January 2013

Decision-Making and Action

Jean-Charles Pomerol, UPMC, France

Making a decision, of any importance, is never simple. On the one hand, specialists in decision theory do not come within the reach of most policy makers and, secondly, there are very few books on pragmatic decision that are not purely anecdotal. In addition, there is virtually no book that provides a link between decision-making and action. This book provides a bridge between the latest results i...

August 2012

Emotion-oriented Systems

Edited by Catherine Pelachaud, CNRS, Telecom ParisTech, France

The domain of Affective Computing, a term coined by Rosalind Picard in 1997, gathers together several scientific areas such as computer science, cognitive science, psychology, design and art. Human-machine interaction systems are no longer solely fast and efficient. They aim to offer to users affective experiences: the user’s affective state is detected and considered within the interaction; the s...

November 2011

Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning

Gérard Ligozat, Paris-Sud University, France

Qualitative reasoning about time and space is concerned with processing knowledge which is qualitative, rather than quantitative, in nature, such as: "event A happened before event B", or "the market place is located in front of the church". The domain has been explored extensively over the last two decades, especially in relation to its links to constraint-based reasoning in computer science.

November 2011

The Semantic Sphere 1

Computation, Cognition and Information Economy

Pierre Lévy, University of Ottawa, Canada

This book contains a philosophical justification and scientific explanation of a computable metalanguage called Information Economy Meta Language (IEML). This language is key to solving the semantic interoperability problem on the Web and to modeling future processes of collective intelligence online.
The new digital media offer us an unprecedented memory capacity, a ubiquitous communication cha...

September 2011

Competitive Intelligence and Decision Problems

Edited by Amos David, LORIA, Nancy, France

The development of research, teaching methods, and applications of competitive intelligence (economic intelligence) requires a strategic and transverse vision that accounts for related issues and disciplines. It is essential to integrate the role of culture in order to interpret the results.
Competitive Intelligence and Decision Problems details the various scientific issues related to competitiv...

June 2011

Competitive Intelligence 2.0

Organization, Innovation and Territory

Edited by Luc Quoniam, University Paris 8, France

The recent “concept of 2.0", a consequence of "Web 2.0", discusses the emergence of a new style, emancipated from the Web, which finds applications in all areas of social activity: management, innovation, education , organization, territory, etc.
This book considers the implications of the changing paradigm for competitive, economic and territorial intelligence applied to innovation, value creat...

June 2011

Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning

Novel Strategies

Amparo Albalate and Wolfgang Minker, University of Ulm, Institute of Information Technology, Germany

The book addresses the main topics and techniques used for the rapid design, adaptation, and improvement of high-performance statistical spoken language dialog systems. Over the past few years, statistical methods (or pattern recognition techniques) have been applied to many areas involving the processing and treatment of text data. Spoken language dialog systems are no exception. For example, au...

December 2010

Digital Cognitive Technologies

Epistemology and the Knowledge Economy

Edited by Bernard Reber, CNRS-University Paris Descartes, France Claire Brossaud, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris, France

Digital Cognitive Technologies is an interdisciplinary book which assesses the socio-technical stakes of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), which are at the core of the “Knowledge Society”. This book addresses eight major issues, analyzed by authors writing from a Human and Social Science and a Science and Technology perspective. The contributions seek to explore whether and how IC...

April 2010

Sequential Decision-making Problems

Representation and Solution

Céric Pralet, ONERA, France Gérard Verfaillie, ONERA, France Thomas Schiex, INRA Toulouse, France

Numerous formalisms have been designed to model and solve decision-making problems. Some formalisms, such as constraint networks, can express “simple” decision problems, while others take into account uncertainties (probabilities, possibilities...), unfeasible decisions, and utilities (additive or not).
In the first part of this book, we introduce a generic algebraic framework that encompasses a...

November 2009

From Speech Physiology to Linguistic Phonetics

Alain Marchal, CNRS, University of Provence, France

Communicating by speech is one of the most seemingly-natural activities for humans. However, despite its apparent obviousness and ease, speech production is a very complex task with multiple levels of organization transforming cognitive intent into a meaningful sequence of sounds.
This book aims to establish a bridge between the physiology of speech and linguistics. It provides a detailed account...

June 2009

Distance and E-learning in Transition

Learning innovation, technology and social challenges

Edited by Ulrich Bernath, EDEN András Szücs, EDEN Alan Tait, EDEN Martine Vidal, EDEN

The rushed development of information and communication technologies and their impact on the world of learning in the last decade have profoundly changed the paradigms, scenarios and values at all levels of education.
The professionalization of tools and practices, in addition to the consolidation of academic and practical knowledge, has been a major continuing issue throughout these years. The a...

June 2009

Decision-making Process

Concepts and Methods

Edited by Denis Bouyssou, CNRS, LAMSADE, UMR7024 Marc Pirlot, Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium. Didier Dubois and Henri Prade, CNRS, IRIT, UMR5505

This book gives an overview of the main results and methods in the formal study of the human decision process in the wider sense, trying to break down the barriers between the various disciplines, including psychology, economics and computer science, which have contributed to this topic in the past. It provides the reader with a state-of-the-art roadmap to the field of decision analysis.

May 2009

Spoken Language Processing

Edited by Joseph Mariani, LIMSI-CNRS, University of Paris-Sud, France

Speech processing addresses various scientific and technological areas. It includes speech analysis and variable rate coding, in order to store or transmit speech. It also covers speech synthesis, especially from text, speech recognition, including speaker and language identification, and spoken language understanding. This book covers the following topics: how to realize speech production and per...

December 2008

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